Gospel of Matthew Chapter One

Codex Sinaiticus Gospel of Matthew
Codex Sinaiticus Gospel of Matthew
1:1 A history of the lineage1 of Jesus the Anointed of God [Messiah, Christ] – the follower of David – the follower of Abraham:
1:2 Abraham mentored2 Isaac, Isaac mentored Jacob, Jacob mentored Judah and his brothers.
1.3 Judah mentored Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar. Perez mentored Hezron and Hezron mentored Ram.
1:4 Ram mentored Amminadab, Amminadab mentored Nahshon, Nahshon mentored Salmon,
1:5 Salmon mentored Boaz, whose mother was Rahab, Boaz mentored Obed, whose mother was Ruth, Obed mentored Jesse,
1:6 Jesse mentored King David. David mentored Solomon, whose mother had been Uriah's wife,
1:7 Solomon mentored Rehoboam, Rehoboam mentored Abijah, Abijah mentored Asa,
1:8 Asa mentored Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat mentored Jehoram, Jehoram mentored Uzziah,
1:9 Uzziah mentored Jotham, Jotham mentored Ahaz, Ahaz mentored Hezekiah,
1:10 Hezekiah mentored Manasseh, Manasseh mentored Amon, Amon mentored Josiah,
1:11 Josiah mentored Jeconiah and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon.
1:12 After exile to Babylon: Jeconiah was mentored Shealtiel, Shealtiel mentored Zerubbabel,
1:13 Zerubbabel mentored Abihud, Abihud mentored Eliakim, Eliakim mentored Azor,
1:14 Azor mentored Zadok, Zadok mentored Akim, Akim mentored Elihud,
1:15 Elihud mentored Eleazar, Eleazar mentored Matthan, Matthan mentored Jacob,
1:16 Jacob mentored Joseph, the husband of Mary, and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Anointed of God [Messiah, Christ].
1:17 Thus there were fourteen successions3 from Abraham to David, fourteen from David to the exile to Babylon, and fourteen from the exile to the Anointed of God [Messiah, Christ].
1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Anointed of God [Messiah, Christ] took place as follows: When his mother Mary was pledged to Joseph for marriage; before they were joined, she was found to be pregnant by the Holy Spirit.
1:19 But her to-be husband Joseph, who was a devoted man and did not want to disgrace her, decided to send her away secretly.
1:20 But as he was considering this, an angel of the LORD appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph, follower of David, don’t fear taking Mary as your wife, for that which is conceived within her is from the Holy Spirit.
1:21 She will bring forth a son, and you shall name him Jesus:4 for he will save people from their sins."
1:22 Now all this occurred to execute what was declared by the LORD through the Prophet who said:
1:23 "Behold, the virgin shall be pregnant and shall bring forth a son and they will name him Emmanuel, which means, ‘God is with us’."
1:24 Joseph awoke from sleep and did what the messenger of the LORD requested, and accepted Mary as his wife.
1:25 But he maintained her virginity until she gave birth to a son. He named him Jesus.


1. Verse 1:1. The Greek word, γένεσις (genesis) means “source, origin,” and “a book of one's lineage” according to the lexicon. Matthew 1:16 and 1:18 illustrate that Joseph was not Jesus’ father. This and other inconsistencies conflict with the notion of ancestry. The list may better reflect a lineage of spiritual mentors or teachers as indicated in the next verse.

2. Verse 1:2. The Greek word γεννάω (gennaō) can mean “to father” but also, according to the lexicon, “in a Jewish sense, of one who brings others over to his way of life, to convert someone.” Such a scenario requires providing guidance and mentorship. This would indicate the list documents a heritage of spiritual teachers and mentors leading up to Jesus, indicating that his teachings had been handed down through a lineage of Teachers and Prophets.

3. Verse 1:17 The Greek word γενεά (genea) can refer to “generations” or “successive members” and “a group of men very like each other in endowments, pursuits, character.”

4. Verse 1:21. The name “Jesus” is the Greek word for Joshua. Joshua is derived from the Hebrew, ‘the Lord saves.’